The requirements of the Convention are augmented by 23 resolutions adopted by the Conference, of which many contain more detailed provisions on the subjects covered by the Convention itself The Convention has two Protocols dealing respectively with Reports on Incidents involving Harmful Substances and Arbitration; and five Annexes which contain regulations for the prevention of various forms of pollution. Important for the registration of ships are several provisions which are demanding special requirements for the design and construction of a ship.
These are for example: Or new oil tankers are required to meet certain subdivision and damage stability requirements, so that they can survive after damage by collision or stranding One of its purposes connected to the field of ship registration is to provide appropriate working conditions for seafarers, like working times, working environment and different kinds of insurance.
Their impact on ship registration is, that the flag State has to provide the appropriate national laws to adopt these Conventions and the surveillance of the conditions on ships on its register. The shipowner self has to provide these conditions on the ship flying a flag appropriate to the laws of this state. As seafarers wages, pensions, working times and insurances are an important economic factor, the choice of a flag State is highly influenced by the ILO Conventions.
This is a certificate that is released to shipowners which are operating their vessels under certain standards fixed by the ITF even if the flag State has not ratified certain important ILO Conventions The following table is showing up the most important conventions connected to ship registration, and shows, if Norway, Panama or Liberia are parties to them.
As seen above under the presentation of the international conventions, it is on the flag states side to implement the measures on ship registration in their national laws. The national laws are also important to understand why the shipowner is choosing the particular state to register his ship.
In the following part, the actual national regulations will be shown up. The Liberian legislation on ship registration is highly influenced by US mercantile law This title was updated by amendments made in 37 and is containing detailed provisions over the jurisdiction, documentation and identification of vessels. Further on it contains other parts important for registration like mortgages, liens, radio regulations, rules of navigation, manning certification and seafarers rights and duties.
Oh, wie schön ist Panama als Erstleseliteratur? (German Edition)
These rules are supplemented by special maritime regulations on vessel registration requirements and requirements for merchant marine personal certification. Of importance is also Section 51 of Title 22 of the Liberian Code of Laws as it contains since new rules on the scope of Liberian vessel ownership Of importance for the international registration in Panama is the Law 11 of amending A. Concerning taxation on vessels, Law No. Manning requirements are fixed in the Panamanian Labour Code under the Aa.
It contains details of the legislation concerning the conditions for registration, trading, areas, fees, wages and working hours, jurisdiction, documentation and identification of vessels. We have seen above in the description of applicable international laws, the requirements on registration could be widely differ, as they are depending on the conventions adopted by the flag States or how these conventions are shaped out in national laws.
Therefore the following chapter will describe the different requirements on the examples of the international or open register of Liberia, Panama and Norway.
The requirements will be shown up under the categories of age, minimum tonnage, ownership and surveys. In general, a vessel to be registered in Liberia should not be older than 20 years. The minimum tonnage for ships to be registered on the Liberian Register has to be over net tons. If the ship has less tons, the Deputy Commissioner must grant the exemption according to chapter 2, s. Before starting to describe the detailed outline of the ownership requirements on the register of Liberia, it is important to call back in our minds, that the ownership criteria is the most important point to establish the genuine link between the ship and the flag State.
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It might be surprising, that exactly Liberia is demanding in its conditions for registration, that only Liberian citizens or corporations and partnerships formed and registered in Liberia can register a ship But this requirement is not a real hurdle for foreign citizens, as Liberian corporations can easily formed all over the world in the LISCR offices.
These are existing e. Even if the ship is not owned by such a company national or a Liberian citizen exemptions can be granted by the Commissioner and Deputy Commissioner if the owner can proof that:. Vessels to be registered in Liberia must be classed fully by a recognised classification society. These are in Liberia: These requirements are set out in Chapt. X of Title 22 of the Liberian Civil Code.
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It requires that all seafarers on board of the Liberian ship must hold a valid seamans identification and record book. Officers must posses a Liberian licence, which they can get against a recognised foreign one. Wie Geht's? Wie Phantastisch Ist Kafka? Report item - opens in a new window or tab. Seller assumes all responsibility for this listing. Item specifics Condition: Like New: A book that looks new but has been read. Cover has no visible wear, and the dust jacket if applicable is included for hard covers. May be very minimal identifying marks on the inside cover.
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This book was obviously meant for younger children but I read it to my 7 year-old today and we had a blast. Had to laugh so hard! A very cute and extremely funny story about two little animals, and the wooden duckling, trying to find the land of all possibilities. Jul 30, Maria rated it it was amazing. Mar 26, Alina rated it it was amazing. Dec 05, Aliena rated it it was amazing Shelves: children , german , all-time-faves , books-i-grew-up-with , classics , graphic-novel. Oh man, how much I love this little book. Even now with 32 it's still one of my favorite children's books.
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Janosch is pretty much the A. Milne of German children's literature. Beautiful fairytale that I found in primary school library. I remember the feeling of freedom reading it, and freedom of joy, travel, dreams. Sep 21, Manuela Tinoco rated it really liked it. I am really not sure if I consider this a childrens book. Anyway, I loved it.
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