The Yoga Sutras Of Patanjali

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Both systems can be cumbersome to the reader. This translation does not attempt word for word equality, instead translates each sanskrit word compound to an equivalent English phrase or word pair. This prevents burdening the reader with unfamiliar words or cumbersome commentary. Also certain words should be recognized as to their intent and meaning.

In typical English translations of Yoga concepts, the word Consciousness is frequently used.

This word is imprecise when used in the context that Patanjali taught. In this translation the word Awareness is used as it more precisely delivers the meaning Patanjali intended since Consciousness has a connotation of mind and awareness in modern English, whereas Awareness is a more basic, purer concept. Other important terms used here is the word integration or words meditative integration. In the context of the Yoga Sutras, this word refers to concentration, meditation, and spiritual absorption, jointly together, and is a key concept most translations render as samyama.

The words seer, meditator and Yogi can be considered equivalent in this text. Attempts have been made to render the text gender neutral, where it was too awkward the pronoun he or his is used. Did He Solve the Mystery of the Ages? They are compared to the wick, fire and oil of the lamp which, while opposed to each other in their nature, come together to produce light.

Thus the physical composition of objects like air, water, stone, fire, etc. These immediate products, in turn, can be further manipulated to produce a further series of products — milk desserts, cheese, etc. Intelligence is characterized by the functions of judgment, discrimination, knowledge, ascertainment, will, virtue and detachment, and s attva is predominant in it.

This means that in its purest state, when the potential of rajas and tamas are minimized, buddhi is primarily lucid, peaceful, happy, tranquil and discriminatory, all qualities of sattva. This is characterized by the function of self-awareness and self-identity. Thus the bug thinks it is a bug, the dog thinks it is a dog, and the human thinks he or she is a human. The mind is the seat of the emotions, of like and dislike, and is characterized by controlling the senses — filtering and processing the potentially enormous amount of data accessible to the senses.

It primarily receives, sorts, categorizes and then transmits. It serves as the liaison between the activities of the senses transmitting data from the external world, and buddhi , intelligence. It therefore partakes both of internal and external functioning: internally, it is characterized by reflective synthesis, while simultaneously being a sense because it acts similar to the senses.

In fact, metaphors and similes, which, if dissected to their literal meanings do not correspond to actual objective reality, are normal everyday expressions and ubiquitous in human language, since language is largely figurative. There is some difference between schools but in contrast to e.

The Yoga Sutras of Patanjali: The Book Of The Spiritual Man Audiobook

One would not be able to do so if these impressions did not relate back to a state of mind that existed during deep sleep. The mind forms an impression of an object through the sense organs, which is called a pratyaya. Any other states of mind that one might conceive of would be considered by the Yoga tradition as a subset of one of these five essential categories. Ego is to consider the nature of the seer and the nature of the instrumental power of seeing to be the same thing.

Ego and ignorance are to some extent the same thing, but there is a difference in degree. The difference is one of degree; ego evolves out of ignorance, and makes the misidentification of non-self with self more concrete and specific. The key ingredient in this process is memory.

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In other words, one who has experienced pleasure in the past recollects it and hankers to repeat the experience in the present or future, or to attain the means of repeating the experience. In its attempt to attain that which attracts it, that is, to fulfill desires, and avoid that which repels it, avoid aversions, the mind provokes action, karma , which initiates a vicious reactive cycle.

Thus karma refers not only to an initial act, whether benevolent or malicious, but also to the reaction it produces pleasant or unpleasant in accordance with the original act which ripens for the actor either in this life or a future one. Hence people are born into different socio-economic situations, and pleasant or unpleasant things happen to them throughout life in accordance with their own previous actions. Since these reactions and re-reactions, etc. The yamas are: non-violence, truthfulness; refrainment from stealing; celibacy; and renunciation of [unnecessary] possessions.

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  • Celibacy is the control of the sexual organs, a definition further refined as not seeing, speaking with, embracing, or otherwise interacting with members of the opposite sex as objects of desire. Renunciation of possessions is the ability to see the problems caused by the acquisition, preservation and destruction of things, since these only provoke attachment and injury.

    Yoga Sutras of Patanjali - Introduction by Chester Messenger

    These yamas are considered the great vow. They are universal. The niyamas , observances, are: cleanliness, contentment, austerity, study [of scripture], and devotion to God. Cleanliness is external and internal; the former pertains to the body, and the latter to purifying the mind of all contamination jealousy, pride, vanity, hatred and attachment. This last niyama will be discussed further in the section on theism. It is defined as the external, internal and restrained movements [of breath], which are drawn out and subtle in accordance to place, time and number.

    Yoga-Sutra 1 – Samadhi Pada: about enlightenment

    This process of consecutive stages of internalization seen in these first five limbs, then, continues throughout the remaining three limbs. The seventh limb, meditation, is the one-pointedness of the mind on one image. More specifically, it consists of the continuous flow of the same thought or image of the object of meditation, without being distracted by any other thought. The sixth and seventh limbs of Yoga, as well as the eighth, are not different practices as is the case with the previous five limbs, but a continuation and deepening of the same practice. This is the final goal of Yoga.

    Direct experience of the object in its own right and on its own ground of being is tainted by the imposition of conceptual thought upon it. Moreover, the mind has also given up its own nature of being an organ of knowledge. In other words, awareness is not even aware of the mind as being an instrument channeling awareness onto an object. The object can now shine forth in its own right as an object with its own inherent existence, free from labels, categorizations or situatedness in the grand scheme of things.

    The citta now becomes aware of the mechanisms of cognition, the instruments of the senses. In other words, the mind focuses on its own cognizing nature. It is therefore beyond thought and word. In this final and ultimate state, the supreme goal of Yoga, the mind is not supported by any active thought. The final goal of Yoga has been attained.

    Learn how to enable JavaScript on your browser. NOOK Book. This valuable book provides a complete manual for the study and practice of Raja Yoga, the path of concentration and meditation. This new edition of these timeless teachings is a treasure to be read and referred to again and again by seekers treading the spiritual path.

    The classic Sutras thought-threads , at least 4, years old, cover the yogic teachings on ethics, meditation, and physical postures, and provide directions for dealing with situations in daily life. The Sutras are presented here in the purest form, with the original Sanskrit and with translation, transliteration, and commentary by Sri Swami Satchidananda, one of the most respected and revered contemporary Yoga masters.

    Yoga Sutras 101: Everything You Need to Know

    In this classic context, Sri Swamiji offers practical advice based on his own experience for mastering the mind and achieving physical, mental and emotional harmony. He taught Yoga postures, meditation, a vegetarian and more compassionate lifestyle to westerners when he was invited to America in by the iconic pop artist Peter Max. The distinctive teachings he brought with him blend the physical discipline of Yoga, the spiritual philosophy of Vedic literature and the interfaith ideals he pioneered. These techniques and concepts influenced a generation and a spawned Yoga culture that is flourishing today.

    The organization founded on his teachings, Integral Yoga International, is now a leading institute for Yoga teacher certification. Integral Yoga is the foundation for Dr. Dean Ornish's landmark work in reversing heart disease and Dr. Michael Lerner's noted Commonweal Cancer Help program.

    See All Customer Reviews. Shop Books. Read an excerpt of this book! Add to Wishlist. USD Buy Online, Pick up in Store is currently unavailable, but this item may be available for in-store purchase. Sign in to Purchase Instantly. Overview This valuable book provides a complete manual for the study and practice of Raja Yoga, the path of concentration and meditation. Show More. Average Review. Write a Review.

    The Yoga Sutras Of Patanjali The Yoga Sutras Of Patanjali
    The Yoga Sutras Of Patanjali The Yoga Sutras Of Patanjali
    The Yoga Sutras Of Patanjali The Yoga Sutras Of Patanjali
    The Yoga Sutras Of Patanjali The Yoga Sutras Of Patanjali
    The Yoga Sutras Of Patanjali The Yoga Sutras Of Patanjali

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